Causes of angina pectoris

The main and most common factor is atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries (arteries of the heart). This is the case in 90% of angina pectoris cases.

Other causes include:

  • Stenosis of the ostium of the aorta
  • Insufficiency of the aorta
  • Rheumatic coronaritis
  • Panarteritis nodosa of the heart blood vessels

Stenocardia is favored or rather, is affected by factors which hasten the development of atherosclerosis, such as:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertonic disease
  • Hypercholesterolemia (individual or familial)
  • Gallstones (cholelithiasis)

The prevalence of disease in women or men depends on the age bracket. From 50-65 years, the disease mostly affects men, and above 65 years, both sexes are equally as likely to develop the disease.

Other factors affect the emergence of stenocardia symptoms such as:

  • Physical exertion
  • Low temperatures (in the environment outside)
  • Extreme emotions
  • Psychological stress
  • Digestive overload (in the stomach)
  • Tachycardia
  • Tooth extraction, etc.

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 24 Jan 2018
Medical Author: Dr. med. Diana Hysi