Burns and scalds
Appropriate first aid must be used to treatany burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.
Youcan apply the following First aid techniques to yourself or another person who has been burnt.
Once you have taken these steps, you'll need to decide whether further medical treatment is necessary.Go toa hospital accident and emergency (A&E) departmentfor:
Also get medical help straight awayif the person with the burn:
If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed, and can include:
See recovering from burns and scalds for information on how serious burns are treated.
Electrical burns may not look serious, but they can be very damaging. Someone who has an electrical burn should seek immediate medical attention at an A&E department.
If the person has been injured by a low-voltage source (up to 220-240 volts) such as a domestic electricity supply, safely switch off the power supply or remove the person from the electrical source using a material that doesn't conduct electricity, such as a wooden stick or a wooden chair.
Don't approach a person who is connected to a high-voltage source (1,000 volts or more).
Chemical burns can be very damaging and requireimmediate medical attention at an A&E department. If possible, find out what chemical caused the burn and tell the healthcare professionals at A&E.
If you're helping someone else, put on appropriate protective clothing and then:
In cases of sunburn , follow the advice below:
If a person with heat exhaustion is taken to a cool place quickly, given water to drink and has their clothing loosened, they should start to feel better within half an hour.
If they don't, they could develop heatstroke. This is a medical emergency and you'll need to call 999 for an ambulance.
Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.
How long it takes to recover from a burn or scald depends on how serious it is and how it is treated.
Burns and scalds can sometimes lead to further problems, including shock, heat exhaustion, infection and scarring.
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. The following advice can help reduce the chances of your child having a serious accident.