The causes of cardiac insufficiency are multiple and include:

  • Determining factors
  • Factors which lead to the emergence of the disease

Determining factors for the insufficiency of the left ventricle include:

  • Hypertonic disease
  • A myocardial infarction
  • Atherosclerotic cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic defects
  • Myocarditis, etc
  • Insufficiency of the right ventricle may occur as a consequence of the insufficiency of the left ventricle, mitral stenosis or mitral ailments, congenital defects or broncho pneumopathies which lead to pulmonary heart disease, etc.
  • Global cardiac insufficiency can occur when the right ventricle becomes unable to compensate in a patient already suffering from a left ventricular insufficiency. This condition can also manifest during a bout of an infectious or toxic myocarditis, cardiomyosclerosis, thyrotoxicosis, myxedema, severe anemia, avitaminosis, liver cirrhosis, etc,

Factors which lead to the emergence of the disease:

These factors include: extreme physical exertions, various infections such as acute pneumopathies, influenza, re-activation of acute articular rheumatism, bacterial endocarditis, etc. Psychological trauma, obesity, pregnancy, a diet rich in salts and lacking proteins, carbohydrates and vitamin B complex, etc are all factors which may lead to the emergence of the disease, albeit more rarely.

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 19 Jun 2018
Medical Author: Dr. med. Diana Hysi