Treating cavernoma

The recommended treatment for cavernoma will vary depending on an individual's circumstancesand factors such as size, location and number.

Some cavernomasymptoms, such as headaches andseizures, can be controlled with medication.

However,more invasive treatmentmay sometimes be offered to reduce the risk of future haemorrhages. The decision to have such treatmentis made on a case-by-case basis in discussion with your doctor.

Types of treatment offered in the UK to reduce the risk of haemorrhages include:

  • neurosurgery carried out under general anaesthetic to remove the cavernoma
  • stereotactic radiosurgery where a single, concentrated doseof radiation is aimed directly at the cavernoma, causing it to become thickened andscarred

In most cases, neurosurgery is preferred tostereotactic radiosurgery because the effectiveness of radiosurgery in preventing haemorrhages is unknown.

Stereotactic radiosurgery is usually only consideredif the position of the cavernoma makes neurosurgery too difficult or dangerous.

Risks ofinvasive treatment include stroke and death, althoughthe exact risks depend on the location of the cavernoma. You should discuss the possible risks of treatment with your doctor beforehand.

Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 21 Dec 2018