Medical Conditions

I have in total 1030 medical conditions

Locate medical conditions by their starting letter

Medical Conditions found related to the search term: B


Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots, oily skin and sometimes skin that's hot or painful to touch.

Brain aneurysm

An aneurysm is a bulge in a blood vessel caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall, usually where it branches.

Broken Wrist

A broken arm or wristis usually caused by a Falls onto an outstretched arm.It typically takes aboutsix toeight weeks to heal in adults, and less time in children.

Bird flu

Bird flu, or avian flu,is an infectious type of influenza that spreads among birds. In rare cases, it can affect humans. However, particular strains of bird flu virus have caused serious concern in recent years.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common yet poorly understood condition, in which the balance of bacteria inside the vagina becomes disrupted.


Balanitis, or balanoposthitis, is inflammation of the head of the penis. The foreskin (the loose flap of skin that covers the head of the penis) is also often affected.

Barium enema

A barium enema is a test that helps to highlight the large bowel, so it can be clearly seen on an X-ray . During the test,a white liquid called barium is passed into your bowel through your bottom.

Bartholin's cyst

A Bartholin's cyst, also called a Bartholin's duct cyst, is a small fluid-filled sac just inside the opening of a woman's vagina.


Bedbugs are small blood-sucking insects that live in cracks and crevices in and around beds. They crawl out at night and bite exposed skin to feed on blood.

Behçet’s disease

Behet's disease, orBehet's syndrome,is a rare and poorly understood conditionthat results in inflammation of the blood vessels and tissues.


Beta-blockers (beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents) work mainly bydecreasing the activity of the heart by blocking the action of hormones like adrenaline.

Bile duct cancer

Cancer of the bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that mainly affects adults aged over 65.


A biopsy is a medical procedurethat involves takinga small sample of body tissue so it can be examined under a microscope.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depression, is a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is where a growth of abnormal tissue, known as a tumour, develops in the bladder lining. In some cases, the tumour spreads into the surrounding muscles.

Bladder stones

Bladder stones are hard lumps of minerals that can form inside the bladder when it's not completely empty of urine.


Blepharitis is a common condition wheretheedges of the eyelids (eyelid margins)become red and swollen(inflamed).


Blistersare small pockets of fluid that usually form in the upper layers of skin after it's been damaged.Blisters can develop anywhere on the body but are most common on the hands and feet.

Blood groups

There are four main blood groups (types of blood): A, B, AB and O. Your blood group is determined by the genes you inherit from your parents.

Blood in the urine (Haematuria)

Finding blood in your urine can be very frightening and must be investigated by a doctor, but it'snot usuallya sign of anything life-threatening.

Blood pressure test

A blood pressure test is a simple way of checking if your blood pressure is too high or too low.

Blood tests

Blood tests have a wide range of uses and are one of the most common types of medical test.

Blood transfusion

A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (the donor) and giving it to someone else.


Blushing is the involuntary reddening of the face, usually triggered by emotions such as embarrassment or stress.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to have a distorted view of how they look and to spend a lot of time worrying about their appearance.

Bromhidrosis (body odour)

Body odour is the unpleasant smell produced bybacteria on the skin that break down the acids in your sweat.The medical term is bromhidrosis.

Bone cancer

Primary bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that begins in the bones. Around 550 new cases are diagnosed each year in the UK.

Bone cyst

A bone cyst is a fluid-filled hole that develops inside a bone. They can occur at any age, butmost oftenaffect children and young adults.

Bone marrow donation

A bone marrow donation is a relatively straightforward medical procedure. Diseased or damaged bone marrow can be replaced by donated bone marrow cells, which help treat and often cure many life-threatening conditions.

Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a disorder of mood and how a person interacts with others. It's the most commonly recognised personality disorder.

Bornholm disease

Bornholm disease is an uncommon viral infection of the intercostal muscles, which join the ribs together. The lining of the lungs is also sometimes affected.


Botulism is a very rare but life-threatening condition caused by toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria.

Bowel cancer screening

If bowel canceris detected at an early stage, before symptoms appear, it's easier to treat and there's a better chance of surviving it.

Bowel incontinence

Bowel incontinence is an inability to control bowel movements, resulting in involuntary soiling. It's also sometimes known as faecal incontinence.

Bowel polyps

Bowel polyps are small growths on the inner lining of the colon (large bowel) or rectum.They are common, affecting 15-20% of the UK population, anddon't usually cause symptoms.

Brain abscess

A brain abscess is a pus-filled swelling in the brain. It usually occurs whenbacteria or fungi enter the brain tissue after an infection or severe head injury.

Brain death

Brain stem death is when a person no longer has any brain stem functions, and has permanently lost the potential for consciousness and the capacity to breathe.

Brain tumour, benign (non-cancerous)

A benign (non-cancerous)brain tumour is a mass of cells that grows slowly in the brain. It usually stays inone place and does not spread.

Brain tumour, malignant (cancerous)

A malignant brain tumour is a fast-growing cancer that spreads to other areas of the brain and spine.

Brain tumours

A brain tumour is agrowth of cells in the brain that multiplies in an abnormal, uncontrollable way. It can either be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

Breast abscess

A breast abscess is a painful collection of pus that forms in the breast.

Breast cancer

About one in eight women are diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime. There's a good chance of recovery if it's detected in its early stages.

Breast lump

Breast lumps are commonand have a number of different causes.

Breast reduction on the NHS

Breast reduction surgery can help women who are unhappy with the shape, weight or droop of their breasts by making them smaller and more lifted.

Breath-holding spells in children

"Breath-holding spells" refers to two distinct conditions that can occur when a child is frightened, upset orangry, or experiences a sudden shock or pain.

Broken Leg

A broken leg (leg fracture) will be severely painful and may beswollen or bruised. You usually won't be able to walk on it.

Broken Toe

A broken or fracturedtoe can be very painful, but isn't usually serious and can often be treated at home. Most will heal in four to six weeks.

Broken or knocked out tooth

Knocking out a tooth is a medical emergency.


Bronchiectasis is a long-term condition where the airways of the lungs become abnormally widened, leading to a build-up of excess mucus that can make the lungs more vulnerable to infection.


Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection that affects babies and young children under two years old.


Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), causing them to become irritated and inflamed.

Bronchodilator medicines

Bronchodilators are a type of medication that make breathing easier by relaxing the muscles in the lungs and widening the airways (bronchi).


Brucellosis is a bacterialinfection originating in animals that can cause long-lasting flu-like symptoms. It's rare in most developed countries.

Brugada syndrome

Brugada syndrome is an uncommon, but serious, heart condition. It can result in abnormally rapid heart rhythms called arrhythmias, which can cause palpitations or fainting and can be fatal.


Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition.

Bullous pemphigoid

Bullous pemphigoid is a blistering skin disease that tends to affect the elderly.

Burns and scalds

Burns and scalds are damage to the skincaused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.

Bursitis - housemaid's knee

Bursitis is inflammation and swelling of a bursa. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac which forms under the skin, usually over the joints, andacts as a cushion between the tendons and bones.