Medical Conditions

I have in total 1023 medical conditions

Locate medical conditions by their starting letter

Medical Conditions found related to the search term: T

Tummy ache

Stomach aches are a type of pain which is mostly felt in the upper part of the belly (the solar plexus), which also extends to the tummy, characterized by a feeling of constriction, which can alter in severity as time progresses.

Termination of pregnancy

An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy so it doesn't result in the birth of a baby.

Testicular feminisation syndrome

Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a rare condition that affects the development of a child's genitals and reproductive organs.

Telogen effluvium

Alopecia is the general medical term for hair loss. There are many types of hair loss with different symptoms and causes.

Tinea pedis

Athlete's foot is a rash caused by a fungus that usually appears between the toes.

Tongue pain or soreness

A sore or painful tongue is usually caused by something obvious and visible, although there are a few less obvious causes you should be aware of that may need treating.

Turner syndrome

Turner syndrome is a genetic disorderthat affects about 1 in every 2,000 baby girls and only affects females.

Teeth grinding

Bruxism (BRUK-siz-um) is a condition in which you grind, gnash or clench your teeth.

Thyroid eye disease

Exophthalmos,also known asproptosis, is a medical term fora bulging or protruding eyeball or eyeballs. It's most often caused by thyroid eye disease.

Talipes

Club foot is a deformity of the foot and ankle that babies can be born with. The position and function of the foot can be greatly improved, if treated early .

Topical corticosteroids

Topical corticosteroids (steroids) are medications applied directly to the skin to reduce inflammation and irritation.

Tietze's syndrome

Costochondritis is the medical term for inflammation of the cartilage that joins your ribs to your breastbone (sternum). This area is known as the costochondral joint.

Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis is the medical term for inflammation (swelling) of the thyroid gland, whichcan either cause abnormally high or low levels of thyroid hormones in the blood.

Tooth abscess

A dental abscess is a collection of pus that can form inside the teeth, in the gums, or in the bone that holds the teeth in place. Its caused by a bacterial infection.

Traveller's diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is where you frequently pass watery or loose poo. Some people may also have other symptoms, depending on the cause.

Tapeworm infections

Tapeworms are parasites that can live in a person's intestine (bowel). They don't always cause symptoms and when they do they are often mistaken for another illness.

Trisomy 21

Down's syndrome, also known as Down syndrome, is a genetic condition that typically causes some level of learning disability and characteristic physical features.

Trisomy 18

Edwards' syndrome, also known as trisomy 18, is a serious genetic condition caused by an additional copy of chromosome 18 in some or all of the cells in the body.

Typhus

Typhus is a suddensevere illness caused by infection with Rickettsia bacteria.

Threadworms

Threadworms, also known as pinworms,are tiny parasitic worms thatinfect thelarge intestine of humans.

Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow is a condition that causespain around the outside of the elbow.

Tracheoesophageal fistula and oesophageal atresia

Oesophageal atresiais a rare birth defect that affectsa baby's oesophagus (the tube through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach).

Tremor (essential)

Essential tremor is a type ofuncontrollable shake or tremble of part of the body.

Thrombophilia

Thrombophilia is where the blood has an increased tendency to form clots.

Trapped Wind (Flatulence)

Flatulence is passing gas from the digestive system out of the back passage. It's more commonly known as "passing wind", or "farting".

Tight foreskin (phimosis)

Phimosis is a condition where the foreskin is too tight to be pulled back over the head of the penis (glans).

Transsexualism

Gender dysphoria is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because there's a mismatch between their biological sex and gender identity.It's sometimes known as gender identity disorder (GID), gender incongruence or transgenderism.

Temporal arteritis

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a conditionin whichmediumand large arteries, usually in the head and neck, become inflamed.

Tendon repair, hand

If any of the tendons in your hand are damaged, surgery may be needed to repair them and help restore movement in the affected fingers or thumb.

Trophoblastic disease

A molar pregnancy is an unsuccessful pregnancy, where the placenta and foetus do not form properly, and a baby does not develop.

Testosterone deficiency (hypogonadism)

Some men develop depression,loss of sex drive, erectile dysfunction and other physical and emotional symptomswhen they reach their late 40s to early 50s.

Type 1 diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar (glucose) level to become too high. The hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas, is responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the blood.

Temporomandibular joint disorder

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD)is a problem affecting the 'chewing' muscles and the jointsbetween the lower jaw and the base of the skull.

Twisted neck

Neck pain or a stiff neck is a common problem which usually gets better after a few days or weeks. It's rarely asign of anything serious.

Tetanus

Tetanus is a serious but rare condition caused by bacteria getting into a wound.

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or "mini stroke" is caused by a temporary disruption in the blood supply to part of the brain.

Travel sickness

Motion sickness is a term that describes an unpleasant combination of symptoms, such as dizziness, nausea and vomiting, that can occur when you're travelling.

Trigeminal neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is sudden, severe facial pain. It'soften described as a sharp shooting pain or like having an electric shock in the jaw, teeth or gums.

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The hormone insulin produced by the pancreas is responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the blood

Trauma and orthopaedics (orthopaedic surgery)

Trauma and orthopaedics is an area of surgery concerned with injuries and conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system (the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, musclesand nerves).

Trisomy 13

Patau's syndrome is a rare, serious genetic disorder caused by having an additional copy of chromosome 13 in some or all of the body's cells. It's also called trisomy 13.

Tinea versicolor

Pityriasis versicolor, sometimes called tinea versicolor, is a common condition that causes small patchesof skin to become scaly and discoloured.

Tinea fungal infection (ringworm)

Ringworm is a common fungal infection that can cause a red or silvery ring-like rash on the skin. Ringworm commonly affects arms and legs, but it can appear almost anywhere on the body.Despite its name, ringworm doesn't have anything to do with worms.

Tamiflu

Find out about the history of swine flu (H1N1) and what the current situation is.

Tay-Sachs disease

Tay-Sachs disease is arare and usually fatal genetic disorder that causes progressive damage to the nervous system.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread through inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person. It mainly affects the lungs, but it can affect any part of the body, including the tummy (abdomen) glands, bones and nervous system.

Tenosynovitis

Tendons are strong bands or cords of tissue that attach muscle to bone. They help move the bones and joints when muscles contract.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a method of pain relief involving the use of a mild electrical current.

Tension-type headaches

A tension-type headache is the most common type of headache and the one we think of as a normal, everyday headache. It may feel like a constant ache that affects both sides of the head. You may also feel the neck muscles tighten and a feeling of pressure behind the eyes

Testicular cancer

Cancer of the testicle is one of the less common cancers and tends to mostly affect men between 15 and 49 years of age.

Testicular lumps and swellings

Lumps and swellings in the testicles are a relatively common symptom in boys and men,and can have a number of different causes.

Thalassaemia

Thalassaemia is the name for a group of inherited conditions that affect a substance in the blood called haemoglobin.

Thirst

Feeling thirsty all the time and for no good reason isn't normal and should be investigated by your GP.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a raretype of cancer that affects the thyroid gland, a small gland at the base of the neck that produces hormones.

Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection spread to humans by the bite of asmall spider-likeparasitecalled a tick.

Tics

Tics are fast, repetitive muscle movements that result in sudden and difficult to control body jolts or sounds.

Tinnitus

Tinnitus isthe term forhearingsoundsthat come from inside your body, rather than from an outside source.

Tongue-tie

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a problemaffecting somebabies with a tight piece of skin between the underside of their tongue and the floor of their mouth (lingual frenulum).

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils. It's usually caused by a viral infection or, less commonly, a bacterial infection.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay can occur when acidis produced fromplaque, which builds up on your teeth.

Toothache

Toothache refers to pain in and around the teeth and jaws that's usually caused by tooth decay.

Total protein test

A total protein test measures the amount ofprotein in your blood.

Tourette's syndrome

Tourettes syndrome is a neurological condition (affecting the brain and nervous system), characterised by a combination ofinvoluntary noises and movements called Orthodontics .

Toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacteria getting into the body and releasing harmful toxins.

Toxocariasis

Toxocariasis is a rare infection caused by roundworm parasites. It's spread from animals to humansthrough contact withinfected faeces.

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii).

Tracheostomy

A tracheostomy is an opening created at the front of the neck so a tubecan be inserted into the windpipe (trachea) to help you breathe.

Traction

Traction is the use of weights, ropes and pulleys to apply force to tissues surrounding a broken bone.

TURP

A transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgical procedure that involves cutting away a section of the prostate.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a tiny parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis (TV).

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania is a condition where a person feels compelled to pull their hair out.

Trigger finger

Trigger finger is a condition that affectsone or more of the hand's tendons, making it difficult to bend the affected finger or thumb.

Trimethylaminuria ('fish odour syndrome')

Trimethylaminuria is an uncommon geneticdisorder that causes a strong body odour usually described as like rotting fish, faeces or garbage.

Tuberous sclerosis

Tuberous sclerosis, also known as tuberous sclerosis complex, is a rare genetic condition that causes mainlynon-cancerous ( benign ) tumours to develop in different parts of the body.

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever is a bacterialinfection that can spread throughout the body, affecting many organs. Without prompt treatment, it can cause serious complications and can be fatal.