A cystoscopy is a medical procedure used to examine the inside of the bladder using an instrument called a cystoscope.
Acystoscope isa thin, fibre optic tube that has a lightand a camera at one end.It's inserted into the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body) and moved up into the bladder.
The camerarelays images to a screen, where they can be seen by the urologist (specialist in treating bladder conditions).
There are two types of cystoscope:
Most cystoscopies are carried out as outpatient procedures, so you'll be able to go home on the same day.
For example, it can be used to:
This will reduce any discomfort when the cystoscope is inserted into the urethra.
A rigid cystoscopy is usually carried out under general anaesthetic (where you're asleep), or a spinal anaesthetic ( epidural ) that numbs all feeling below your spine.
However,for some people, the procedure may feel uncomfortable and can lead to mild side effects afterwards, such as muscle pain and nausea.
For a few days after the procedure, you may feel a burning sensation when passing urine and you may also pass blood in your urine. This is normal and isn't something to worry about, unless it's severe and lastslonger than a few days.
See your GP if you experience the symptoms of infection, such as a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above.
Find out what a cystoscopy is, what it's used for, whether it's painful and if there are any risks involved.
A cystoscopy can be used to investigate problems with your bladder or urinary system, or it may be used as part of a medical procedure.
Read about the cystoscopy procedure and what happens before, during and afterwards.
The type of anaesthetic used will affect how long it takes to recover from a cystoscopy. It's normal to experience some side effects for a few days afterwards.
A cystoscopy is usually a safe procedure and serious complications are rare. Occasionally, there may be problems passing urine or an infection may develop.