Tetanus is a serious but rare condition caused by bacteria getting into a wound.
The condition can be fatal if left untreated,but the Tetanus and improvements in treatment mean deaths from tetanus are nowvery rare in the UK. In 2013, there were only seven recorded cases of tetanus in England and Wales, and no deaths.
Most cases occur in people who were never vaccinated against the condition or didn't complete the entire vaccination schedule. People who inject illegal drugs are also at an increased risk.
This page covers:
How you get tetanus
Signs and symptoms of tetanus
When to seek medical advice
How tetanus is treated
Tetanus vaccination for travel
Tetanus is a serious but rare condition caused by bacteria getting into a wound. Read about the symptoms, how it's treated, and the tetanus vaccination.
Tetanus is caused by bacteria called Clostridium tetani. These bacteria can survive for a long time outside the body, and are commonly found in soil and the manure of animals such as horses and cows.
The symptoms of tetanus usually develop within4 to 21 days after infection. On average, they start after around 10 days. The main symptoms include: stiffness in your jaw muscles (lockjaw) this can
You should contact your GP or visit your nearest minor injuries unit if you're concerned about a wound, particularly if: the wound is deep the wound contains dirt or a foreign object you haven't
If your doctor thinks youcould develop tetanus but you haven't had any symptoms yet, they will clean any wounds you have and give you an injection of tetanus immunoglobulin . They may also give you a
A tetanus vaccination is given as part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme . The full course of the vaccination requires five injections, usuallygiven on the following schedule: the first th
Tetanus is found throughout the world, so you should ideally make sure you're fully vaccinated before travelling abroad. Contact your GP surgery for advice if you're planning on travelling abroad and