When acute bronchitis is caused by bacteria, it is called acute bacterial bronchitis.
There are several symptoms that may arise due to chronic bronchitis, but what must be said is that not all patients suffering from this condition exhibit all of these symptoms.
Bronchitis can manifest without a fever or a headache, and at times, no sounds or noises can be heard when physically examined by a doctor via ausculatation (the action of listening to sounds from the heart, lungs, or other organs, typically with a stethoscope, as a part of medical diagnosis), and there can also be times when a radiography shows no signs of bronchitis, but bronchitis always manifests with a cough.
This is to mean that any patient suffering for longer than a week with a cough, must immediately see a medical professional.
Depending on the individual characteristics of the patient, (what age group they belong to, whether or not they suffer from any concurrent chronic disease, their physical wellbeing etc) doctors have to decide upon a variety of methods for diagnosing and treating the disease.
By taking a thorough family history and conducting several diagnostic examinations, physicians differentiate between bronchitis and other diseases which may manifest with similar symptoms, such as:
Treatment and medication is very important if the disease is detected early on, while the inflammation is only affecting the upper portions of the respiratory tract (the bronchi).
In cases when medication is not received in time, bronchiolitis may be caused as a consequence, or the inflammation may affect the parenchymal tissue of the lungs and cause bronchopneumonia.
If coughing is prolonged over several months, then the physician must further characterize and narrow down the causes behind the cough:
Acute bronchitis occurs most often in the ages deemed most vulnerable (younger ages, including toddlers, and advanced ages). This is due to the fact that levels of immunity are especially lower for these ages.
The main symptoms of cough bronchitis are: cough, viral infection, breathing difficulty, fever, chest pain, tiredness, allergy, smoking.
Depending on the individual characteristics of the patient, doctors have to decide upon a variety of methods for diagnosing and treating the disease. If coughing is prolonged over several months, then the physician must further characterize and narrow down the causes behind the cough.
Cough bronchitis treatments include antibiotics, a medication which serves to dissolve and thus help the patient remove the secretions from their bronchi and vitamins. At times, broncho-dilators may be used if the patient is suffering from moderate respiratory distress.
Following the examination with a stethoscope, the doctor concludes: the patient has been suffering from a prolonged, relatively frequent cough, at times productive and bothering them during the night. etc
Patient a male 45 years old. Comes for a regular visit. Patient complains of severe, productive coughing, fatigue. Niko, 45 years old, had a light influenza that lasted about two weeks.
Acute bronchitis can be caused by viruses, such as influenza, para-influenza or adenoviruses and bacteria such as pneumococcus, etc.
Symptoms of bronchitis in adults are coughing, sub-febrile fever, secretions, fatigue, etc.
When the aforementioned symptoms, the coughing and the fever persist, the patient must refer to a physician for a visit.
While coughing, the chest and stomach muscles are involved in the process and an exhausting cough during the night or day, causes the muscles to feel sore and hurt.
Dry coughing is a response of the upper respiratory tract to unrest in its mucosal lining as a result of inflammation. Dry coughing could be spastic or non-spastic.
When coughing is dry, use an anti-histamine. If prolonged, visit a physician. When coughing is productive, use a mucolytic. If prolonged, visit a physician.
If coughing and fever persist for longer 3-4 days, and the aforementioned medication has not been utile, then one must visit the doctor.
The symptoms of bronchitis in children are more visible than in adults; fever and coughing are more exhaustive, the patient becomes pale and perspires, has reddened eyes and sometimes, lips.