If you or your child has balanitis, the recommended treatment will depend on what is causing the condition.
In all cases, you should keep your penis clean by washing it with warm water once a day.
You should also try to avoid potential irritants, such as soap, bubble bath and baby wipes. Youmay find it helpful touse an Emollients as a soap substitute.
Read about preventing balanitis for more information on hygiene and avoiding irritants.
If your balanitis is the result of skin irritation and not an infection, you will usually be prescribed a topical corticosteroid (steroid cream or ointment).
Apply the cream to the head of your penis once a day until your symptoms have gone. Do not use the medication for more than 14 days in a row because this could lead to side effects, such as thinning of the skin.
If your balanitis is the result of a fungal infection, you will be prescribed either an antifungal cream to use several times a day for at least two weeks, or a single dose ofthe oral antifungal medication (tablet or capsule) fluconazole .
Side effects of antifungal creams can include a rash, itching and swelling. These creams can also damage latex condoms , so you should use an alternative form of contraception for at least five days after treatment stops.
Fluconazole is not recommended for children who are under 16 years old. It can also cause side effects, including nausea, vomiting, bloating, diarrhoea , and abdominal (tummy) pain .
If your symptoms are particularly troublesome, you may be prescribed a topical corticosteroid to use as well.
If a bacterial infection is the cause of your balanitis, you will be prescribed a seven-day course of an oral antibiotic (antibiotic tablets or capsules), such as flucloxacillin or metronidazole .
Common side effects of these types of antibiotics includea rash, nausea,vomiting and diarrhoea.
Again, if your symptoms are particularly troublesome, you may also be prescribed a topical corticosteroid.
The treatments listed above should start working within seven days. Contact your GP if your symptoms do not startimproving by this time because you may require alternative treatment and you may need to see a specialist.
In rare cases, if you have phimosis (a tight foreskin) and you have repeat episodes of balanitis, you may be advised to have a partial circumcision (where some of the foreskin is removed).
Balanitis, or balanoposthitis, is inflammation of the head of the penis. The foreskin (the loose flap of skin that covers the head of the penis) is also often affected.
Your GP should be able to diagnose balanitis by examining your penis.
Treatments for balanitis include corticosteroid creams for skin irritation, fungal creams for fungal infections, and antibiotics for bacterial infections.