Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots, oily skin and sometimes skin that's hot or painful to touch.
Acne most commonly develops on the:
There are six main types of spot caused by acne:
Even mild cases of acne can cause distress. If your acne is making you feel very unhappy or you can't controlyour spotswith over-the-counter medication,see your GP.
Also see your GP if you develop nodules or cysts, as they need to be treated properly to avoid scarring.Try to resist the temptation to pick or squeeze the spots, as this can lead to permanent scarring.
Treatments can take up to three months to work, so don't expect results overnight. Once they do start to work, the results are usually good.
acnes, which becomes more aggressive and causes inflammation and pus.
The hormones also thicken the inner lining of the hair follicle, causing blockage of the pores (opening of the hair follicles). Cleaning the skin doesn't help to remove this blockage.
Acne is known to run in families. If both your mother and father had acne, it's likely that you'll also have acne.
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during the menstrual cycle or pregnancy, can also lead to episodes of acne in women.
There's no evidence that diet, poor hygiene or sexual activity play a role in acne.
About 80% of people aged 11to 30are affected by acne.
Acne is most common in girls from the ages of 14to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16to 19.
Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older. Acne often disappears when a person is in their mid-twenties.
In some cases, acne can continue into adult life. About5% ofwomen and 1% of men have acne over the age of 25.
Despite being one of the most wide spread skin conditions, acne is also one of the most poorly understood. There are many myths and misconceptions about it: "Acne is caused by a poor diet". "Acne is caused by having dirty skin and poor hygiene". "Squeezing blackheads, whiteheads and spots is the best way to get rid of acne"
Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots, oily skin and sometimes skin that's hot or painful to touch. Acne is most common in girls from the ages of 14to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16to 19. Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older.
Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by increased levels of a hormone called testosterone, which occurs during puberty. More than 80% of cases of adult acne occur in women. It's thought that many cases of adult acne arecaused by the changes in hormone levels that many women have at certain times.
Your GP will be able diagnosis acne by looking at your skin. This will involve examining your face, chest and back for the different types of spot. How many spots you have and how painful and inflamed they are will help determine how severe your acne is. This is important in planning your treatment.
Treatment for acne depends on how severe it is. It can take several months of treatment before acne symptoms improve. If you just have a few blackheads, whiteheads and spots, you should be able to treat them successfully with over-the-counter gels or creams (topical treatments) that contain benzoyl peroxide. See your GP if your acne is more widespread, as you probably need prescription medication.
Acne scarring can sometimes develop as a complication of acne. This is more common when the most serious types of spots burst and damage nearby skin. Once subscision has been completed, additional treatment, such as laser treatment and dermabrasion, can be used to further improve the appearance of the scar.
The self-help techniques that may be useful: Don't wash affected areas of skin more than twice a day. Frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse. Wash the affected area with a mild soap or cleanser and lukewarm water. Very hot or cold water can make acne worse. Don't try to "clean out" blackheads or squeeze spots. This can make them worse and cause permanent scarring . Avoid using too much make-up and cosmetics.