Burns and scalds
Burns and scalds can sometimes lead tofurther problems, including shock, heat exhaustion, infection and scarring.
After a serious injury,it's possible to go into shock. Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there's an insufficient supply of oxygen to the body. It's possible to go into shock after a serious burn.
Signs and symptoms of shock include:
Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you think that someone who has been seriously injured is going into shock.
While you wait for the ambulance:
Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are two heat-related health conditions that happen when the temperature inside your body rises to 37-40C (98.6-104F) or above.
Both heat exhaustion and heatstroke can be very serious. They're often caused bybeing exposedto too much sunlight or heat.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion and heatstroke include:
If a person with heat exhaustion is taken quickly to a cool place, given water to drink and has their clothing loosened, they should start to feel better within half an hour. If they don't, they could develop heatstroke. This is a medical emergency and you'll need to call 999 for an ambulance.
If your burn or scald has a blister that has burst, it may become infected if it's not kept clean. Seek medical attention for any burn that causes a blister.
Your wound may be infected if:
Seek immediate medical attention if you think your burn has become infected. An infection can usually be treated with antibiotics and painkilling medication, if necessary.
In rare cases, an infected burn can cause blood poisoning (sepsis) or toxic shock syndrome . These serious conditions can be fatal if not treated.
Signs of sepsis and toxic shock syndrome include:
A scar is a patch or line of tissue that remains after a wound has healed. Most minor burns only leave minimal scarring. You can try to reduce the risk of scarring after the wound has healed by:
Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.
How long it takes to recover from a burn or scald depends on how serious it is and how it is treated.
Burns and scalds can sometimes lead to further problems, including shock, heat exhaustion, infection and scarring.
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. The following advice can help reduce the chances of your child having a serious accident.