Burns and scalds
Burns and scalds are damage to the skincaused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
A burn is caused by dry heat by an iron or fire, for example.Ascald is caused by something wet, such as hot water or steam.
Burns can be very painful and may cause:
The amount of pain you feel isn't always related to how serious the burn is. Even a very serious burn may be relatively painless.
To treat a burn, follow the First aid advice below:
The British Red Cross website has a video about first aid for burns .
For minor burns, keep the burn clean and don't burst any blisters that form.
More serious burns require professional medical attention. You should go to a hospital A&E department for:
If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed and can include:
People at greater risk from the effects of burns, such as children under five years old and pregnant women, should also get medical attention after a burn or scald.
The size and depth of the burn will be assessed and the affected area cleaned before a dressing is applied.In severe cases, skin graft surgery may be recommended.
Your skin has three layers:
There are four main types of burn, which tend to have a different appearance and different symptoms:
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. Examples of things you can do to help reduce the likelihood of your child having a serious accident at home include:
Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.
How long it takes to recover from a burn or scald depends on how serious it is and how it is treated.
Burns and scalds can sometimes lead to further problems, including shock, heat exhaustion, infection and scarring.
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. The following advice can help reduce the chances of your child having a serious accident.