Symptoms of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)

Inantiphospholipid syndrome (APS), the immune system produces abnormal antibodies that make the blood 'stickier' than normal.

This means people with APSare more likely todevelop Arterial thrombosis in their veinsand arteries, whichcan cause serious or life-threatening health problems such as:

  • high blood pressure
  • deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • a stroke ora transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or'mini-stroke'
  • heart attacks
  • pulmonary embolism a blockage in one of the blood vessels in the lungs

People with APSmay also experience any of the following symptoms:

  • balance and mobility problems
  • vision problems, such as double vision
  • speech and memory problems
  • a tingling sensation or pins and needles in your arms or legs
  • fatigue (extreme tiredness)
  • repeated headaches or migraines

Pregnancy problems

Women withAPS have a much higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy, particularly if it's not treated. Possible complications include:

  • recurrent (three or more) early miscarriages , usually during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy
  • one or more later miscarriages, usually after week 10 of pregnancy
  • premature birth , usually at or before week 34 of pregnancy, which may be caused by pre-eclampsia (where a womandevelops high blood pressure during pregnancy)

Livedo reticularis

Livedo reticularis is a skin condition caused by small blood clots that develop inside the blood vessels of the skin.

It causes the skin to take on a blotchy red or blue appearance. Some people also develop ulcers (sores) and nodules (bumps). These symptomsare often more severe in cold weather.

Superficial thrombophlebitis

Superficial thrombophlebitis is inflammation of the veins just under your skin, usually in your leg. The symptoms are similar to DVT but they're not usually as severe.

The symptoms ofsuperficial thrombophlebitis include:

  • swelling
  • redness and tenderness along the affected vein
  • a high temperature of 38C (100.4F) or above (although this is less common)

The symptoms usually resolve within two to six weeks.

Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 29 Nov 2016