There's no single test for Mnire's disease, and the conditioncan be difficult to distinguish from other conditionswith similar symptoms.
For example, Migraine and ear infections can also affect your balance and hearing. A viral infection of the balance nerve (vestibular neuronitis) or the inner ear ( labyrinthitis ) can also produce similar vertigo attacks.
See your GP if you experience any of the symptoms of Mnire's disease.
They'll ask you to describe your symptoms to find out if a pattern is emergingthatcould indicate Mnire's disease.
For Mnire's disease to be diagnosed, you'll need to have the following characteristic symptoms:
Your GPmay also carry out a general physical examination to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms. This may involve listening to your heartbeat, checking your blood pressure and examining the inside of your ears.
If necessary, your GP can refer you to a specialist for further tests.
In most cases, you'll probably be referred to an ear nose and throat (ENT) specialist at the ENT department of your local hospital.
You can alsobe referred to a specialist in audiovestibular medicine for hearing and balance assessment, although this service may not be available in every hospital.
The specialist will be able to assess the extent of your hearing loss by using hearing tests, such as an audiometry test.
During an audiometry test, you listen to sounds of different volume and pitch produced by a machine and signal when you hear a sound, either by raising your hand or pressing a button.
The goggles are fitted with a video camera to record your eye movements.
A calorictest involves putting warm and cool water or air in your ear for about 30 seconds. The change in temperature stimulates the balance organ in the ear, allowing the specialist to check how well it's working.
This test isn't painful, although it's normal to feel dizzy for a few minutes afterwards.
Electrocochleography isa test used to measure how your hearing nerves respond to sound.
Duringthis test, a series of electrodesare attached to your head anda thin probe orneedleispassed into your ear so it touches or passes throughyour eardrum. Local anaesthetic will be used to numb your eardrum before the procedure if a needle is going to be passed through it.
You will then listen to a seriesofloud clicks, while the activity of your nerves is picked up by the electrodes and probe or needle.
In some cases, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of your head may be carried out to look for any abnormalities in your brain such as an acoustic neuroma (a non-cancerous tumour) that could be causing your symptoms.
Vertigo is the sensation that you or the environment around you is moving or spinning.
Tinnitus is the medical name for the perception of noise in one ear, both ears or in the head. The noise comes from inside the body rather than an outside source.
Mnire's disease is a rare disorder that affects the inner ear. It can cause vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and a feeling of pressure deep inside the ear.
The symptoms of Mnire's disease vary from person to person. Initially, they tend to occur as sudden attacks that last a few hours.
The exact cause of Mnire's disease is not yet known, although it is thought to be caused by a problem with the pressure in the inner ear.
There is no single test for Mnire's disease, and the condition can be difficult to distinguish from other problems because there are several conditions that cause similar symptoms.
Treatments for Mnire's disease can usually help people with the to condition control their symptoms, although there's currently no cure.
Living with Mnire's disease can be difficult and frustrating. Your balance and hearing may be significantly impaired during an attack, meaning that certain activities can be dangerous.