If you suspect the symptoms of a heart attack, dial 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance.
Don't worry if you have doubts. Paramedics would rather be called out to find an honest mistake has been made than be too late to save a person's life.
Symptomsof a heart attack can include:
Although the chest pain is often severe,some people may only experienceminor pain, similar to indigestion. In some cases, there may not beany chest pain at all,especially in women, the elderly andpeople with diabetes .
It'sthe overall pattern of symptoms that helps to determine whether you are having a heart attack.
If someone has had a heart attack, it's important to rest whilethey wait for an ambulance, to avoid unnecessary strain onthe heart.
Ifaspirin is easily available andthe person who has had a heart attack isn'tallergic toit, slowly chew and then swallow an adult-sized tablet (300mg) while waiting for the ambulance.
The aspirin helps to thinthe blood and restore the heart's blood supply.
In some cases a complication called ventricular arrhythmia cancause the heart to stop beating. This is known as sudden cardiac arrest.
Signs and symptoms suggesting a person has gone into cardiac arrest include:
If you think somebody has gone into cardiac arrest and you don't have access to an automated external defibrillator (AED), you should perform chest compressions, as this can help restart the heart.
To carry out a chest compression on an adult:
Aim to do the chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions a minute. You can watcha videoon CPR for more information about how to perform "hands-only" CPR.
Read information about how to resuscitate a child .
If you have access to a device called an AED, you should use it. An AEDis a safe, portable electrical device thatmost large organisations keep as part of their first aid equipment.
It helps to establish a regular heartbeat during a cardiac arrest by monitoring the person's heartbeat andgiving theman electric shock if necessary.
You can readmore informationabout CPR and AEDs on theArrhythmia Alliance website.
Angina is a syndrome (a collection of symptoms caused by an underlying health condition) caused when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart becomes restricted.
People with angina can experience similar symptoms to a heart attack, but they usually happen during exercise and pass within a few minutes.
However, occasionally, people with angina can have a heart attack. It's important to recognise the difference between the symptoms of angina and those of a heart attack.
The best way to do this is to remember that the symptoms of angina can be controlled with medication, unlike the symptoms of a heart attack.
If you have angina, you may have been prescribedmedication that improves your symptomswithin five minutes. If the first dose doesn't work, a second dose can be taken after five minutes, and a third dose after a further five minutes.
If the pain persists, despite taking three doses of glyceryl trinitrate over 15 minutes,call 999and ask for an ambulance.
A heart attack happens when there is a blockage in one of the arteries in the heart.
The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood around the body.
Nausea is when you feel like you are going to be sick.
Pain is an unpleasant physical or emotional feeling that your body produces as a warning sign that it has been damaged.
Vomiting is when you bring up the contents of your stomach through your mouth.
A heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI) is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot.
Read about symptoms of a heart attacks, including chest pain, shortness of breath, feeling and being sick, and anxiety
Heart attacks are caused by the blood supply to the heart being suddenly interrupted, usually by a blood clot
If a heart attack is suspected, you should be admitted to hospital immediately. You will usually be admitted to an acute cardiac care unit (ACCU) so the diagnosis can be confirmed and treatment begin.
Read about treating a heart attacks, including an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
Read about complications of a heart attack. Complications of a heart attack can vary widely, from mild to life threatening.
Read about recovering from a heart attack. Recovery can take several months, and it's very important not to rush your rehabilitation
Making lifestyle changes is the most effective way to prevent having a heart attack (or having another heart attack).
Mike Smith has had three heart attacks. As he nears 60 and enjoys life to the full, he explains how the attacks affected him.
After a heart attack Debbie Siddons was too scared to pick up her 18-month-old baby. Rehabilitation helped her move on.
Following a heart attack, a quick diagnosis and emergency treatment saved Lynn Connors life.
Doctor enquires about breathing because patients often exhibit respiratory issues to the point of passing out. Doctor immediately recommends an EcG. Through the EcG, one determine the positioning of the ischemia, the degree of heart muscle involved in the ischemia.
Infarct is an ischemic necrosis of the myocardis, which comes as a consequence of the acute insufficiency of the coronary arteries. This comes as a consequence of the obstruction of coronary muscle blood vessels by a thrombus.
The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort that may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes.
Complications that might occur are: cardiogenic shock; progressive cardiogenic shock; septal rupture, rhythm disruptions; pericarditis, thromboembolism, left ventricle aneurysm.
Some of the risk factors of myocardial infarction include: hypertonic disease, disruptions in the metabolism of lipids, obesity, inherited hypercholesterolemia, biliary problems, age (above 50 years old), etc.
Pre-hospital treatment is very important, due to its crucial involvement in preserving and potentially saving the patientÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s life. Aiding and transporting the patient to the hospital immediately hold primary importance in saving the patientÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s life.