Benign prostate enlargement can sometimes lead to complications, such as a urinary tract infectionor acute urinary retention.
If you're unable to empty your bladder properly, there's a risk that bacteria in your urinary system won't get flushed out and will spread through the urine to cause a urinary tract infection (UTI) .
Symptoms of a UTI include:
UTIs can be treated with antibiotics . A single UTI isn't usually serious, but repeated UTIs can damage your kidneys and bladder. If you have a history of repeated UTIs, you may need to have surgery.
Acute urinary retention (AUR) is the sudden inability to pass any urine. AUR should be treated as a medical emergency, because without prompt treatment urine may be passed back up into the kidneys, which can damage them.
Symptoms of AUR include:
Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you or someone you know experiences the symptoms of AUR.
AUR can be treated using a thin tube ( catheter ) to drain the urine out of your bladder. In very serious cases, surgery may be required to empty the bladder.
Read about benign prostate enlargement (BPE), also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is a common condition that affects men over 50 years of age.
The symptoms of benign prostate enlargement are caused by the enlarged prostate placing pressure on the bladder and urethra (which carries urine from the bladder to the penis).
The exact cause of benign prostate enlargement is unknown, but research suggests that hormones probably play an important role in the condition's development.
To find out whether your prostate gland is enlarged, you'll need to have a few tests. Some tests will be carried out by your GP and others will be carried out by a urologist.
If you have an enlarged prostate, your recommended treatment plan will be determined by how severe your symptoms are.
Benign prostate enlargement can sometimes lead to complications, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or acute urinary retention (AUR).