Type 2 diabetes
Thesymptoms of diabetes include feeling very thirsty, passing more urine than usual, and feeling tired all the time.
The symptoms occur because some or all of the glucose stays in your blood and isn't used as fuel for energy. Your body tries toget rid of the excess glucose in your urine.
The main symptoms, which are common to both Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, are:
The signs and symptoms oftype 1 diabetes are usually obvious and develop very quickly, oftenover a few weeks.
Thesesigns and symptoms aren't always as obvious, however,and it's often diagnosed during a routine check-up.
This is becausethey are often mild and develop gradually over a number of years. This means you may havetype 2 diabetes for many years without realising it.
Early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes is very important as it may reduce your risk of developing complications later on.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when thepancreas, alarge gland behind the stomach, can't produce enough insulin to control your blood glucose level, or when the cells in your body don't respond properly to the insulin that is produced.
This means your blood glucose levels may become very high, andis known as hyperglycaemia .
Hyperglycaemia can occur for several reasons, including:
Hyperglycaemia causes the main symptomsof diabetes, which include extreme thirst and frequent urination.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body's cells don't react to insulin. This means glucose stays in the blood and isn't used as fuel for energy.
Read about the symptom of diabetes, including feeling very thirsty, passing more urine than usual, and feeling tired all the time.
Read about the causes of type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced.
Read about treating type 2 diabetes. Find out how to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible by making lifestyle changes, such as eating more healthily and taking more exercise.
Read about complications of type 2 diabetes. Without treatment, it can lead to a number of other health problems. High glucose levels can damage blood vessels, nerves and organs.
Read about living with type 2 diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, you'll need to look after your health very carefully.
After his victory at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, Sir Steve Redgrave became the only British athlete ever to win five consecutive Olympic gold medals.
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