Attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
Symptoms of ADHD tend to be noticed at an early age and may become more noticeable when a child's circumstances change, such as when they start school. Most cases are diagnosedwhen children are 6 to 12 years old.
The symptoms of ADHD usually improve with age, but many adults who are diagnosed with the condition at a young age continue to experience problems.
People with ADHD may also have additional problems, such as sleep and anxiety disorders.
This is often completely normal and doesn't necessarily mean they have ADHD.
However, you should consider raising your concerns with your child's teacher, their school's special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO) or GP if you think their behaviour may be different to most children their age.
It's also a good idea to speak to your GP if you're an adult and you think you may have ADHD, but you weren't diagnosed with the condition as a child.
Research has also identified a number of possible differences in the brains of people with ADHD compared to those who don't have the condition.
Other factors that have been suggested as potentially having a role in ADHD include:
It's thought that around2% to 5% of school-aged children may have ADHD.
ADHD can occur in people of any intellectual ability, although it's more common in people with learning difficulties.
Although there's no cure for ADHD, it can be managed with appropriate educational support, advice and support for parents andaffected children, alongside medication, if necessary.
Medication is often the first treatment offered to adults with ADHD, although psychological therapies such ascognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) may also help.
Readmore about treating ADHD.
Looking after a child with ADHD can be challenging, but it's important to remember that they can't help their behaviour.
Some issues that may arise in day-to-day life include:
Adults with ADHD may also find they have similar problems, and some mayhave issues with drugs, crime and employment.
Read about living with ADHDfor information on ways to copewith these issues.
Read about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
Read about symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which are categorised into inattentiveness,hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
The exact cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) isn't fully understood, although a combination of factors is thought to be responsible.
Read about diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including when you might want to consider speaking to your GP about it.
Read about treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can help relieve the symptoms and make the condition much less of a problem in day-to-day life.
Read about caring for a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can be draining and make everyday activities stressful.