Cerebral palsy isthe general termfor a number of neurological conditions that affect movement and co-or dination.
Neurological conditions are caused by problems in the brain and nervous system.
Specifically, cerebral palsy is caused by a problem in the parts of the brain responsible for controlling muscles. The conditioncan occur if the brain develops abnormally or is damaged before, during or shortly after birth.
Causes of cerebral palsy include:
Some people only have minor problems, whereas othersare severely disabled.
Many people with cerebral palsy also have a number of associated problems, including:
Some people with the condition may have communication and learning difficulties, although intelligence is often unaffected.
You should see your GP if you're concerned about your child's development. If necessary, they can refer you to a paediatrician (a doctor who specialises in the treatment of children), who can identify any problems.
However, there are numerous treatments available, which can treat many of its symptoms and help people with the condition to be as independent as possible.
These treatments include:
In some cases, surgery may also be needed.
Readmore about treating cerebral palsy .
Cerebral palsy isn't a progressive condition. This means the original problem in the brain doesn't get worse with age, and life expectancy is usually unaffected.
However, the physical and emotional strain of living with a long-term condition such as cerebral palsy can put a great deal of stress on the body, which can cause further problems in later life.
This helps scientists look for better ways to prevent and treat this condition. You can opt out of the register at any time.
Cerebral palsy is the general term for a number of neurological conditions that affect movement and co-ordination.
The symptoms of cerebral palsy normally become apparent during the first three years of a child's life.
Cerebral palsy is caused by a problem in the parts of the brain responsible for controlling movement. It can occur if the brain is damaged in early life or develops abnormally.
See your GP if you are concerned about your child's development. If necessary, they can refer you to a paediatrician.
Although there's no cure for cerebral palsy, a range of treatments are available to help treat many of the symptoms.
Although the problem in the brain that causes cerebral palsy doesn't get worse with age, further physical and emotional problems can develop.