Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition where the kidneys don't work as well as they should.
It's a common condition often associated with getting older. Anyone can getit, although it's more common in black people andpeople of south Asian origin.
CKD can get gradually worse over time and eventually the kidneys may stop working altogether, but this is uncommon.Manypeople with kidney disease are able to live long, largelynormal lives.
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There are usually no symptoms of kidney disease in the early stages. It may only be picked up if blood or urine tests carried out for another reason detect a possible problem with your kidneys.
When it reaches a more advanced stage, symptoms can include:
See your GP if you have persistent or worrying symptoms that you think could be caused by kidney disease.
Often it's the result of a combination of different problems.
CKD can be caused by:
You can help prevent CKD by making healthy lifestyle changes and ensuring any underlying conditions you have are well controlled.
CKD can be diagnosed using blood and urine tests. These tests are used to look for high levels of certain substances in your blood and urine that are signs your kidneys aren't working properly.
If you're at a high risk of developing kidney disease for example, you have one of the conditions mentioned above you may be advised to have regular tests to check for CKD so it's picked up at an early stage.
The results of your blood and urine tests can be used to tell the stage of your kidney disease. This is a number that reflects how severe the damage to your kidneys is, with a higher number indicating more serious CKD.
CKD only progresses to kidney failure in around1 in 50 people with the condition.
But if you have CKD, even if it's mild, you're at an increased risk of developing other serious problems, such as cardiovascular disease . This is a group of conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels, which includes heart attacks and strokes .
Cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of death in people with kidney disease,although healthy lifestyle changes and medication can help reduce your risk of developing it.
Find out what chronic kidney disease (CKD) is, including what the symptoms are, how it's diagnosed and how it can be treated.
Find out about the main symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and when to get medical advice.
Find out how chronic kidney disease (CKD) is diagnosed, who should get tested and what the stages of CKD mean.
Find out about the main treatments for chronic kidney disease (CKD), including lifestyle changes, medication, dialysis and kidney transplants.
Read advice about living with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including how to keep yourself as healthy as possible.
Read about what you can do to reduce your risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Read about how Peter Wilkinson's immune system started to attack his own kidneys, leading to chronic kidney disease.
Diabetes left Kalwant in need of a new kidney and pancreas. After only a month on the transplant list, she was lucky enough to be given a new lease of life.
Mohamed Nanji's kidney problems started when he was a teenager in Kenya. After a successful transplant, he's able to lead a more normal life again.