Compartment syndrome is a painful and potentially serious condition caused by bleeding or swelling withinan enclosed bundle of muscles known as a muscle "compartment".

Each group of muscles in the arms and legs, together with nearby blood vessels and nerves,is contained in a space surrounded by tissue called fascia.

Compartment syndrome occurs when the pressure withina compartment increases, restricting the blood flow to the area and potentially damaging the muscles and nearby nerves.

It usually occurs in the legs, feet, arms or hands, but can occur wherever there is an enclosed compartment inside the body.

This page covers:

Types of compartment syndrome


When to get medical advice



Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 20 Sep 2016