Schizophrenia is asevere long-term mental health condition. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms.
Doctors often describe schizophrenia as a type of Puerperal psychosis . This means the person may not always be able to distinguish their own thoughts and ideas from reality.
Symptoms of schizophrenia include:
Some peoplethink schizophrenia causes a "split personality" or violent behaviour. This is not true.
The cause of any violent behaviour is usually drug or alcohol misuse.
Read about symptoms of schizophrenia .
If you're experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, see your GP as soon as possible.The earlier schizophrenia is treated, the better.
There's no single test for schizophrenia. It'susually diagnosed after an assessment by a mental health care professional, such as a psychiatrist.
Read about diagnosing schizophrenia .
The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown. However, most experts believethe condition is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
It's thoughtthat some people aremore vulnerable to developing schizophrenia, andcertain situations cantrigger the condition.
Read about the causes of schizophrenia .
Schizophrenia is usually treated with a combination of medication and therapytailored to each individual. In most cases, this will be antipsychoticmedicines and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) .
People with schizophrenia usually receive help from a community mental health team, which offers day-to-day support and treatment.
Many people recover from schizophrenia, although they may have periods when symptoms return (relapses). Support and treatment can helpreduce the impactthe condition hason daily life.
Read about treating schizophrenia .
If schizophrenia is well managed, it's possible to reduce the chance of severe relapses.
This can include:
There are many charities and support groups offering help and advice on living with schizophrenia. Most peoplefind it comfortingtalking to others with a similar condition.
Read about living with schizophrenia .
Read about schizophrenia, a long-term mental health condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms.
Read about symptoms of schizophrenia, including hallucinations, delusions, confused thoughts and changes in behaviour.
Read about the causes of schizophrenia. The exact causes of schizophrenia are unknown, but research suggests a combination of factors are responsible.
Read about diagnosing schizophrenia. There's no single test and the condition is usually diagnosed after assessment by a mental health specialist.
Read about treating schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is usually treated with an individually tailored combination of therapy and medication.
Read about living with schizophrenia. Most people with schizophrenia make a recovery, although many experience the occasional return of symptoms (relapses).