Classification of heart diseases

1. Hypertensive disease

2. Heart failure (cardiac insufficiency):

  1. Left ventricular failure

  2.  Right ventricular failure

  3.  Biventricular failure (global heart failure)

3. Coronary artery diseases (CAD) or ischemic heart disease (IHD):

  1. Stenocardia (Angina pectoris)

  2. Infarction of the myocardium

  3. Atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis 

  4. Sudden cardiac death 

4. Heart diseases which occur as a consequence of diseases of the lungs:

  1. Pulmonary heart disease

5. Arrhythmias (heart dysrhythmia):

       1. Extrasystolic arrhythmia

       2. Paroxysmal tachycardia (supraventricular, ventricular)

       3. Atrial fibrillation

       4. Atrial flutter

6. Arrhythmias caused by the following circulation issues or heart blocks:

       1. Atrioventricular block

       2. Bundle branch blocks

       3. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

       4. Fascicular blocks

       5. Sinoatrial block

       6. Intra-Hisian blocks and Infra-Hisian blocks

7.  Diseases caused by bacterial/viral infections: 

      1. Acute bacterial endocarditis

      2. Eosinophilic myocarditis (various causes amongst which viral or bacterial infections) 

      3. Inflammatory cardiomegaly

8. Diseases caused by rheumatic fever (Rheumatic heart disease):

      1. Acute rheumatic polyarthritis

      2. Rheumatic endocarditis (acute, subacute, latent)

      3. Acute rheumatic myocarditis

9.  Diseases caused by rheumatic or bacterial endocarditis:

      Acquired heart defects:

      1. Mitral stenosis 

      2. Mitral insufficiency

      3. Aortic insufficiency

      4. Aortic stenosis

10. Congenital heart diseases:

      1. Tetralogy of Fallot

      2. Interatrial or interventricular septum

      3. Coarctation of the aorta

      4. Pulmonary artery stenosis

      5. Ebstein’s anomaly

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 10 Jul 2018
Medical Author: Dr. med. Diana Hysi, MD.