Hyperlipidemia - High Cholesterol
Many different factors can contribute to high blood cholesterol, including lifestyle factorslike smoking, an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise,as well as having an underlying condition, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
Your lifestyle can increase your risk of developing high blood cholesterol.
People with high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes often have high cholesterol.
Some other health conditions that can also cause raised levels of cholesterol include:
Treating the underlying condition can help to reduce cholesterol.
There are a number of factors associated with high cholesterol that can't be changed that increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke . Doctors refer to these as "fixed factors".
If you have a fixed risk factor, or several fixed risk factors, it's even more important to look at your lifestyle and any underlying conditions you may have.
Familial hypercholesterolaemia is the medical term for high cholesterol that runs in families. It's caused by a gene alteration inherited from a parent, rather than an unhealthy lifestyle.
People with familial hypercholesterolaemia have raised cholesterol from birth, which can lead to the early development of heart problems, such as atherosclerosis and CHD.
In the UK, familial hypercholesterolaemia is thought to affect about 1 in 500 people, which means approximately 120,000 people are thought to be affected.
There's aone in two (50%) chance that a child orbrother or sister of someone with familial hypercholesterolaemia will also have the condition.
Find out what cholesterol is, what causes high cholesterol, why it's important to keep your cholesterol levels under control, and how to lower your cholesterol.
Read about the possible causes of high cholesterol, including having an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight, smoking, and drinking too much alcohol.
Blood cholesterol levels are measured with a simple blood test. This blood sample will be used to determine the amount of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in your blood.
Find out what to do if you have high cholesterol, including making changes to your diet and increasing the amount of exercise you do. Statins may also be recommended.
You can lower your cholesterol by eating healthily, not smoking and exercising regularly.
Cholesterol is a component found all over your body, playing crucial vital roles. If too much cholesterol accumulates in your blood, you have a higher risk of coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular diseases.The levels of cholesterol in your body vary according to age, gender, and weight.