Hyperlipidemia - High Cholesterol
You canlower your cholesterol by eating a healthy, balanced diet that's low in saturated fat, exercising regularly , not smoking and cutting down on alcohol.
If you have an unhealthy diet that's high in fat, fatty plaques are much more likely to build up in your arteries. This is because fatty foods contain cholesterol.
There are two types of fat: saturated and unsaturated. You should avoid foods containing saturated fats, as they will increase the levels of "bad cholesterol"(low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) in your blood.
Foods high in saturated fat include:
However, it's not healthy to completely cut out all types of fat from your diet. It's important to replace saturated fats with unsaturated fats they've been shown to increase levels of "good cholesterol" (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL) and reduce any blockage in your arteries.
Foods that are high in unsaturated fat include:
Read the facts about fat and how to eat less saturated fat for more information.
A low-fat diet including lots of fibre, such as wholegrain rice, bread and pasta, and plenty of fruit and vegetables has also been shown to help lower cholesterol.
Fruit and vegetablesare full of vitamins, minerals and fibre, and help keep your body in good condition. Aim to eat five 80g portions of fruit and vegetables every day .
This meanssmoking is a major risk factor for both Myocardial infarction and strokes .
If you decide to stop smoking,your GP can refer you to an NHS Stop Smoking Service , which will provide you with dedicated help and advice about the best ways to give up smoking.
You can also call the NHS Stop Smoking Helpline on 0300 123 1044 (England only). The specially trained helpline staff can offer you free expert advice and encouragement.
If you're committed to giving up smoking but don't want to be referred to a stop smoking service, your GP should be able to prescribe medical treatment to help with any withdrawal symptoms you may experience after giving up.
Walking , swimming and cycling are good examples of this type of exercise.
and the physical activityguidelinesfor older adults (aged 65 and over) .
Find out what cholesterol is, what causes high cholesterol, why it's important to keep your cholesterol levels under control, and how to lower your cholesterol.
Read about the possible causes of high cholesterol, including having an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight, smoking, and drinking too much alcohol.
Blood cholesterol levels are measured with a simple blood test. This blood sample will be used to determine the amount of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in your blood.
Find out what to do if you have high cholesterol, including making changes to your diet and increasing the amount of exercise you do. Statins may also be recommended.
You can lower your cholesterol by eating healthily, not smoking and exercising regularly.
Cholesterol is a component found all over your body, playing crucial vital roles. If too much cholesterol accumulates in your blood, you have a higher risk of coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular diseases.The levels of cholesterol in your body vary according to age, gender, and weight.