High blood pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes.
More than one in four adults in the UK have high blood pressure, although many won't realise it.
The only way to find out if your blood pressure is high is to have your blood pressure checked .
Blood pressure is recorded with two numbers. The systolic pressure (higher number) is the force at which your heart pumps blood around your body.
The diastolic pressure (lower number) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels. They're both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
As a general guide:
A blood pressure reading between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean you're at risk of developing high blood pressure if you don't take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.
Find out more about what your blood pressure result means .
If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
Persistent high blood pressure can increase your risk of a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions, such as:
If you have high blood pressure,reducing it even a small amount can help lower your risk of these conditions.
The only way of knowing whether you have high blood pressure is to have a blood pressure test .
All adults over 40 are advised to have their blood pressure checked at least every five years. Getting this done is easy and could save your life.
You can get your blood pressure tested at a number of places, including:
You can also check your blood pressure yourself with ahome blood pressuremonitor.
Read more about getting a blood pressure test .
It's not always clear what causes high blood pressure, but certain things can increase your risk.
You're at an increased risk of high blood pressure if you:
Making healthy lifestyle changes can help reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help lower your blood pressure if it's already high.
The medication recommended for you will depend on things like how high your blood pressure is and your age.
Read more about how blood pressure is treated .
High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes. If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
In most cases, it's not clear exactly what causes high blood pressure (hypertension). But there are several things that can increase your risk. In about 1 in 20 cases, high blood pressure occurs as the result of an underlying condition, medication or drug.
High blood pressure (hypertension) doesn't usually have any symptoms, so the only way to find out if you have it is to get your blood pressure checked. Healthy adults aged over 40 should have their blood pressure checked at least once every five years. Blood pressure tests can also be carried out at home using your own digital blood pressure monitor.
Simple lifestyle changes can often help reduce high blood pressure (hypertension), although some people may need to take medication as well. Your GP can advise you about changes you can make to your lifestyle and discuss whether they think you would benefit from medication.
High blood pressure can often be prevented or reduced by eating healthily, maintaining a healthy weight, drinking alcohol in moderation, not smoking and regular exercise can also help you lose weight, which will also help lower your blood pressure,
Andy Jones liked to eat a lot of salt with his food. Whatever he ate, whether it was a Chinese takeaway or fish and chips, Andy would always add plenty of seasoning which had raised his blood pressure to dangerous levels. High blood pressure caused his arteries to fur up and put extra strain on his heart.