Paralysis is loss of the ability to move one or more muscles.It may be associated with loss of feeling and other bodily functions.
Itis not usually caused by problems with the muscles themselves, but by problemswith the nerves or spinal cord the brain uses to controlmuscles.Aperson with paralysis will usually have some form ofnerve damage.
Paralysis can be:
There are also a number of medical terms used to describe different types of paralysis. For example:
Buta person with paralysis that affects both their armsand their legs (tetraplegia/quadriplegia)willneed a great deal of support, and it is unlikelythey willbe able to live without a dedicated carer.
Paralysis can also cause a number of associated secondary conditions, such as Urinary incontinence (an inability to control the flow of urine) and bowel incontinence (where stools leak from the back passage).It may also affect sexual function in both men and women.
There is currently no cure for paralysis, except in certain conditions.In cases of permanent paralysis, treatment aims to:
Mobility aidssuch as wheelchairs and orthoses canhelp a personwith paralysis.
Manualwheelchairs are designed for people with good upper body strength. Electric wheelchairs aredesigned for people with poor upper body muscle strength or paralysis in all four limbs.
The NHS supplies wheelchairs free of charge, but the range ofmodelsavailable is oftenlimited.
If you want a more sophisticated model, you will have to pay for it.Your local NHS wheelchair service may be able to help fund some of the cost.
They are braces made of metal or plastic designed to improve the function of a limb and compensate for muscle weakness.
Unsurprisingly, many people who are paralysed experience depression .
However, research has shownmost people with paralysis are eventually able to come to terms with the condition.
Paralysis occurs when a person loses the ability to move one or more muscles of the body. It may be associated with loss of feeling and other bodily functions.
Paralysis can be classified in a number of different ways. For example, it can be localised, affecting a particular part of the body, or generalised, affecting a wider area.
The four most common causes of paralysis are stroke, head injury, spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.
Diagnosing paralysis is not usually necessary if the cause is obvious for example, if paralysis has occurred after a stroke.
There is currently no cure for paralysis. Treatment focuses on helping you adapt to life with paralysis by making you as independent as possible.
A person with paralysis can develop a number of complications, including autonomic dysreflexia, sexual problems and depression.
If you are paralysed, it is very important that you take measures to prevent getting pressure ulcers.